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Stravinsky's fountain in Paris.




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"... In the square, the mechanisms of Tingeli and other brightly colored sculptures become wet in the water of a fountain or an artificial lake,
Sleepily clang the cog wheels ... "

U. Eco. The Foucault pendulum. E. Kostyukovich.


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Fountain of Stravinsky (Fontaine Stravinski), also the Tongli Fountain, is set on Igor Stravinsky Square, near the Pompidou Center in 1983.
It was created by a pair of Conceptual - Swiss architect Jean Tinguely, together with his wife, the French artist Niki de Saint Phalle, in 1982-83-is.
Like the music of Stravinsky, the fountain is very extravagant. Bright colorful fairground clown-figure, wheel mechanisms and treble clef, from which streams of water hit, illustrate, according to the authors, the works of Stravinsky's "Rite of Spring", "Renard" and "Firebird". All the figures move and look alive against the background of the beating jets of the fountain.


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Named after Igor Stravinsky, the fountain consists of 16 sculptures (mobile) in motion, located throughout the fountain (1650 cm × 35 cm × 3600 cm).
Tangly executed black wheel mechanisms from iron, and Saint-Fall created bright avant-garde figures from polystyrene.
Figures play a performance for the best works of Stravinsky, in turn releasing trickles of water.
Under the Stravinsky Square is the Center for Music Research IRCAM, created, as well as the Pompidou Center, by the architect Renzo Piano.


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Runaround mobiles perform intricate pas: spinning at a furious fuel hat clown acts peahen curious bird, rushing slain love heart, death looms over the empty eye sockets of the skull, and the treble clef beat time, conducting this extravaganza of music of the Russian composer.


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The performance is played in the fountain waters, undoubtedly inspired by the Basel carnival smite childhood imagination little Jean: clowns crowd wearing masks and costumes at dusk moved through the streets, beating drums and playing the flute, on the throne sat a figure with the head of a rhinoceros skull - phantoms that invaded everyday life from medieval history, fascinated the future sculptor.


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History of creation


Once the French president Zhorzh Pompidu dream: "I want to be in Paris was built cultural center - at the same time a museum and a creative workshop where the plastic arts would be side by side with music, movies, books and audiovisual research ...".

In 1969, an international competition was announced for the project of the largest cultural center in Europe. It was attended by architects from 49 countries, who presented 680 projects. The jury approved the joint project of the Italian Renzo Piano and the Englishman Richard Rogers. Construction lasted almost five years. The National Center for Art and Culture named after Georges Pompidou was inaugurated on January 31, 1977.

By the way, Parisians are more likely to use the word "Beaubourg" - this is the name of the area adjacent to the Center.


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To the right of the main entrance to the center, behind the building, is Igor Stravinsky's fountain,
The mechanical figures of which fully correspond to the spirit of Bobur.

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Pierre Boulez, who founded the IRCAM, was sure that the boring Stravinsky Square in front of the Pompidou Center will be able to revive only the sculptures of Tangli.
Tangli agreed only with the condition that his friend Saint-Fall will also take part in the creation of the fountain.
He believed that the bright sculptures of his wife, along with his black mobiles will be able to create a harmonious transition from the futuristic Pompidou Center building to the gloomy gothic building of the church of Saint-Merri.
When creating the fountain, there were some technical problems associated with the location of the fountain. To reduce weight, the sculptures of Tangli were made of aluminum, and the figures of Saint-Fall are made of lightweight fiberglass and polyester. The height of the fountain was chosen as low as possible.
Igor Stravinsky's music, closely connected with dance and Russian folk melodies and fairy tales, gave the artists themes for a vast thematic repertoire. The fountain resembles the pages of a children's book.
The opening of Stravinsky's fountain took place on June 19, 1983, in honor of which festivals were organized in the Museum of Modern Art.

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And this is the miracle of modern architecture, sculpture, creativity, and conceptualism in action

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